PSLE SCIENCE structured questions answering technique – “What is the aim” or “what is the conclusion” type of question

This article is part 3 of the series in which part 1 can be seen here.

In this article we will discuss how to carefully answer PSLE science structured questions that asks you to identify the aim or conclusion of the experiment.

What is the aim??

For experiments, usually there will be 1 variable that the person conducting the experiment will purposely change. Then we have another variable known as the result. So all you have to do is to identify both and phrase in your answer.

Here is an example of a question.

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Purposely changed —– Surface area of fruit.

Result —– Time taken for fruit to reach the ground.

Answer Guide

To find out how surface area of the fruit affects the time taken for the fruit to reach the ground.


What is the conclusion??

To answer questions about conclusions, you have to first identify the aim. Use method above to find the aim. Then you can conclude.

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Purposely changed —–surface area of wooden block resting on glass sheet

Result —- force needed to move the block

Aim —- Whether the surface area of wooden block resting on glass sheet will change the force needed to move the block.

Conclusion —- no change


Answer guide

The surface area of the wooden block resting on the glass sheets does not affect the force affected to move it across the ground.


Try the questions below!

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To find out which material allows most light to pass through.


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The larger the size of the seed, the shorter the distance from the parent plant.


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No. Even though both Y and Z are different in volume, the elastic spring force h does not change.


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To find out if the presence of salt affects the growth of plants.





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